Earl Garcia is an intern for the Writing Arts Department for the Fall 2017 semester. He is majoring in Writing Arts with a specialization in Creative Writing.
Vogler goes over different types of Heroes that can distance themselves from the traditional type of Hero. They are…
Willing and Unwilling Heroes go hand-in-hand with one another. They can be eager to accept the invitation because they want to have some excitement in their life. Or, they are throwing caution to the wind and showing reluctance in accepting the invitation for adventure. An example of a Willing Hero would be Alm from Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia. When his grandfather Mycen, a famed general in the Zofian army refuses the call to action in joining the Deliverance, the liberation army, Alm joins in his stead and perhaps, against his grandfather’s wishes of him staying in Ram Village. An example of an Unwilling Hero would be Luke Skywalker from Star Wars. He initially refused the call before realizing that his aunt and uncle’s farmhouse was destroyed, with them killed as well. This meant that he had no more ties to his home, and that he was in danger-therefore needing to leave.
Anti-Heroes belong in a gray area. They are heroic in nature but they are social outcasts. Examples of Anti-Heroes are outcasts who used to be highly regarded in society, but have since discarded their rank and standing because they found a scandalous corruption within.
Group and Loner Heroes, like the previously mentioned Willing and Unwilling ones, go hand-in-hand. Often they begin in their respective types, and by the end, have switched to the other one (like a hero who likes to work alone ends up with a group of allies, or a hero who is part of a group who discovers that they are the true villains and decides to break off and fight them by themselves).
Last but not least is the Catalyst Hero. Catalysts Heroes are those that don’t necessarily undergo changes but induce and motivate change in others. To me, Catalysts Heroes are my favorite because I think of them as Mentors to many people that can have many admirers because of the position they could be in that would make them regarded as such. Vogler lists Eddie Murphy’s character Axel from Beverly Hills Cop as a specific example.
Vogler here also goes over the dramatic functions of a Hero. They are as follows:
When Vogler goes over the dramatic functions of Heroes, the one that caught my eye the most was Flaws. Flaws are a core part in every human being, whether we like to admit it or not. Flaws in heroes allow spectators to be able to relate to the Hero, and can even serve as a reason to root for them. Without Flaws, Heroes become boring very quickly (these days, you may see a lot less fans of Superman than before, because people are finding him to be too perfect and not relatable, unlike the currently popular Batman, a man who has many real and interesting psychological Flaws). During the Hero’s Journey, they often have to learn how to overcome or bypass those Flaws. I think flaws are the most interesting part of a Hero, and the key component of making them feel human to a spectator.
Another one that caught my attention was the Heroism in Other Archetypes. Vogler says in the book that examples of these are characters that can be villainous characters to perform Heroic deeds. Emperor Rudolf from Fire Emblem Echoes: Shadows of Valentia is an example of this. What he does is intentionally transform himself into a conqueror to instigate the rise of true heroes in Valentia. In the process, he discards his good standing with the citizenry and even allows felonious soldiers into his ranks. The greater good in this is to bring about the Heroes that would free men to live by their own power, free from the gods who ruled the land as he noticed the signs of their insanity. Among the Heroes was Alm. Not only that, Alm is his own son and when they meet in battle, Rudolf intentionally lets Alm kill him without fighting back so that he’d become the next emperor. With his dying breath, he lets Alm know of his true heritage and his true identity and destiny, leaving Alm to wallow in sorrow knowing that he killed his own father.
With this kind of knowledge about a Hero from Vogler’s explanations, it gives me a few new ideas for my own original project that I’m currently in the works with at the time of writing this. Of course, I don’t want my protagonist to be an archetype paint-job. But at the very least, I have a better idea of how to design my protagonist.